Hechos y documentos que certifican el nacimiento del Pueblo de “Belén”, hace 145 años

Pueblo de “Belén”, como muchos otros parajes, que nacieron a lo largo y a lo ancho de nuestro país en las últimas décadas del siglo XIX, tuvo su génesis, en un hecho comercial caratulado “Remate». Por Alfredo Melidore.

Sí, Belén nació a partir de un remate, pero esto no es óbice, para restarle importancia al acto fundacional que ello significó, ya que ese remate se realizó, luego de que un reconocido y prestigioso escribano público de la época, protocolizó el plano y toda la documentación inicial, imprescindible para llevar a cabo un emprendimiento con fines poblacionales.

Con el inicio del remate del Pueblo de “Belén”, efectivizado el domingo 4 de marzo de 1877 a partir de las 10 horas, ( ver afiche original que publicitó el remate ), comenzaron a venderse los lotes del flamante amanzanamiento, que al poco tiempo se iría extendiendo a los costados de la Estación “Escobar” (Foto). Ésta era una de las pocas paradas proyectadas, de la línea férrea que un año antes, había unido la ciudad de Buenos Aires con el nuevo Pueblo y Puerto de Campana, por lo cual su denominación original fue: “Ferrocarril de Buenos Aires y Campana” .

Los primitivos terrenos vendidos, a partir de ese 4 de marzo, por el martillero Lisandro Medina, cumpliendo el mandato de doña Eugenia Tapia de Cruz ( ver foto ), fueron escriturados a los pocos meses, en el pueblo de San Martín por el notario José Muratorio.

Una de las escrituras más antiguas, de la cual se tiene conocimiento, estaba fechada el 1º de junio de 1877, casi tres meses después de iniciado el remate, y llevaba la firma de Galo Cruz – en representación de su madre, doña Eugenia Tapia de Cruz.

En la misma constaba que el comprador; Cayetaneo Cúneo había adquirido en $ 3.500 “…una amplia parcela ubicada en la manzana Nº 31, calle proyectada en medio con la plaza de la estación, del pueblo denominado Belén, situado en el Partido del Pilar…”.

Otra de las antiguas escrituras, en la cual se legalizaba a favor de Pedro Giraud, quien había pagado $ 500 por la propiedad de un lote “…en el pueblo de Belén (Estación Escobar), en el Partido del Pilar…”, tenía como fecha de expedición el 1º de agosto de ese mismo año de 1877. La misma, también llevaba la firma de Galo Cruz.

Las escrituras apuntadas, como ya dijimos, fueron legalizadas en San Martín, ya que el escribano José Muratorio, como así el rematador Lisandro Medina, eran caracterizados vecinos de ese lugar.

Por otra parte, y según datos suministrados oportunamente por el distinguido abogado: Doctor Marcos Mariano Cappello, el mencionado escribano José Muratorio, había sido el encargado de protocolizar, o sea: autorizar oficialmente, el plano inicial de lo que sería el trazado del denominado: Nuevo Pueblo “Belén” a fines de febrero de 1877, unos días antes del inicio del histórico loteo del 4 de marzo de 1877, fecha en la cual, hace 145 años nació el pueblo de “Belén”

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